Normally, the hand is a transparent interface, performing voluntary tasks without bringing attention to itself. Following hand injury, recovery of anything less than this level of performance is a complication. By this measure, complications of hand injuries are very common, and the primary goal of the treatment of hand trauma is simply that of avoiding complications.

Complications in this chapter are grouped according to whether they are considered to be complications of missed diagnoses, complications of treatment, or complications of injuries. Although there is overlap in these categories, they form a framework for the treating physician to organize a personal approach to reduce the risk of complications in hand surgery.
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