Fig. 3. Proximal interphalangeal joint fracture dislocation patterns. Stability or instability of the joint after dorsal or a volar fracture depends on the relative position of the fracture line to the collateral ligaments (1.) . Palmar fractures may be associated with dorsal subluxation (2a.), "hinge" motion rather than normal joint gliding (2b.) or a combination of central impaction, dorsal and proximal migration (2c.). Dorsal fractures are less common, and may be associated with palmar subluxation (3.) or severe comminution (4.). 

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